Naturopath in St. John's - The body's organ referred to as the kidney has various functions and plays an important role in the urinary system. The functions of the kidney comprises the maintaining of the acid-base balance, helping to serve the homeostatic functions of electrolyte regulation and maintaining the water and salt balance which helps in the blood pressure regulation. The kidneys serve the body by eliminating wastes and redirecting them to the urinary bladder. The kidneys act basically as the blood's natural filter.
The kidney will help to excrete wastes when producing urine. These wastes can comprise ammonium and urea from the body. Moreover, kidney's are responsible for reabsorbing amino acids, glucose and water. The kidneys produce different hormones also like: erythropoietin, calcitriol and the enzyme known as rennin.
The kidneys can be located at the rear of the abdominal cavity within the retro peritoneum. The blood comes into the kidneys from the paired renal arteries and flow out into the paired renal veins. Each kidney then emits urine into a ureter. This is a tube-like paired structure that releases into the urinary bladder.
The study of Nephrology is the forte in medicine that is concerned with diseases of the kidney. Kidney functioning is the study describe in renal physiology. People with kidney disease normally exhibit characteristic clinical features such as chronic kidney disease, renal cysts, urinary tract obstruction, nephritic syndromes, acute kidney injury and nephrolithiasis.
There are cancers of the kidney which also exist, with renal cell carcinoma being the most popular renal cancer. Many cysts, cancers and renal conditions can be managed with removal of the kidney, likewise known as nephrectomy. Kidney transplantation and kidney dialysis are some treatment options when renal function, that is measured by glomerular filtration rate is constantly poor.
Kidney stones are often painful and can be a nuisance until dealt with, yet they are not really harmful. Treatments making use of waves of sound can help to break up the stones into smaller pieces so that they are more easily passed through the urinary tract. Sharp pain within the medial and lateral portions of the lower back is amongst the main symptoms.
The kidney is an important feature of homeostasis in the body. It is responsible for acid-base balances, regulating electrolyte concentrations, regulation of extracellular fluid volume and blood pressure regulation. The kidney works both separately and along with other organs to be able to do these essential jobs. The kidneys work closely with the endocrine system and numerous endocrine hormones coordinate these functions like: rennin, angiotensis II, aldosterone and others.
A huge variety of the kidney's functions are carried out by the rather simple mechanisms of secretion, reabsorption and filtration. These functions happen in the kidney nephron. Filtration mainly takes place at the renal corpuscle. This is the method by which large cells and proteins are filtered from the blood to make an ultra-filtrate. This substance ultimately becomes urine. The kidney produces approximately 180 litres of filtrate on a daily basis. They reabsorb a large percentage of the filtrate and generate about just 2 litres of urine each and every day. Reabsorption is the word for the transportation of molecules from this ultra-filtrate into the blood. Conversely, secretion is the reverse process, wherein molecules are transported in the opposite direction, from the blood into the urine.
Excretion of Wastes
The wastes which are produced by the metabolism are then excreted by the kidneys. The nitrogenous wastes can comprise urea, which is catablized from protein and uric acid from the metabolization of nucleic acid.
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